In Denmark employment is a privilege which everybody has a right to and is obliged to achieve. Therefore the employment percentage becomes one of the central indications of well-fare. Throughout the years from the mid seventies and 20 years ahead unemployment rates have been high. However, because of the economical development and an active education-, labour market-and social- policy, the number of people who are on maintenance allowances has since 1994 decreased with 150.000 persons. The official unemployment in Denmark is only 5%, which is among the lowest percentage in the world. And yet in 1998 the group of people on social security counted 873.000 persons, in spite of the fact that Denmark's societal effort to secure everybody education and employment is great. However, there are still groups, among these young, psycho-socially burdened mothers, that risk to become or remain marginalised in relation to employment.
Since 1993 the objective of education for everybody has been a top priority on the government's educational political agenda. The goal was that before year 2000, 95% of the youth group should get an education. The fulfilment of such an objective demanded a special effort, especially in regards to the so-called "risk-group".
The most pronounced effort became EGU (basic vocationally training), which is a special way to achieve qualifications, designed for weak youngsters and FUU, which is an alternative education where the young person herself/himself organises her/his education with minimum three different formal and non-formal courses.
The 3rd module in the present project's series of courses can be part
of this FUU. On a national level the FUU was evaluated in 1999. The result
is regarded as positive, as many youngsters have used the possibility
to organise their education themselves, but at the same time it has been
shown that the education has recruited wrongly within the target group.
The users tended to be well-equipped or youngsters with average means
who wanted a creative influence on their choice of education. This result
could be explained by the risk-group's lacking possibility to fulfil the
demands of competence for decision-making and reflection. Today - where
we have reached year 2000- 83 % of the youth group complete an education,
but we are still far from the 95 %. The government's last ambitious goal
for its "Education To All Young People"-policy is now: before year 2005
the 95% must be reached, while 50 % should have completed a higher education
- against 42% today.
On basis of the above mentioned experiences, the school has decided to follow up this project by a new parallel project targeting immigrant and refugee women. A mini survey has been carried out in order to probe the need of the target group. The feed-back has been unequivocally positive. It is estimated that there is an acute needs for a similar option for pregnant women and mothers with small children with another ethnic background than Danish. Furthermore, the school has recently has been contacted by a crisis centre for women in order to enter a co-operation on a similar support project.